Guide Through Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin & Iowa.

A cartographic promotion of the Midwest to European settlers in the United States.

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This striking map of the area known today as the Midwest was issued by John Calvin Smith and published by J.H. Colton in New York. It is tipped into the back of a small travel guide titled “The Western Tourist and Immigrants Guide,” also published by Colton and included with the map.

If the title is any indication, the book and accompanying map would have been a useful tool for the myriad of European immigrants who were moving to the United States in vast numbers throughout the mid-19th century. The states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa and Missouri are all displayed, with their respective transportation routes in the forms of railroads, canals and roads a focal point of the image. Distribution of surveyed counties and townships reflect the general pattern of westward settlement along these routes. Distance tables on the right side show various lengths of routes between popular destinations via water and land, while a decorative view at the bottom shows Maiden’s Rock on the tranquil Mississippi.

The accompanying guidebook provides useful information on the various states, including climate, agricultural output, major cities and more. The whole package provides a fascinating glimpse at how the U.S. promoted itself during the rush of immigration in the 19th century. Colton published several updated editions of this map through the late 1860’s.

Map Details

Publication Date: 1844

Author: J.H. Colton

Sheet Width (in): 24.00

Sheet Height (in): 19.60

Condition: B+

Condition Description: Four spots of moderate separation (less than 1") along fold lines, while creasing is evident along others. The hand color remains bright and the sheet clean, providing for a fantastic overall look. The accompanying guidebook is attached and in excellent condition.

Out of stock