Fourth Edition Stanford’s New Map of Sebastopol and the Surrounding Country
English publication reflecting the latest information from the Siege of Sevastopol.
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The origins of the Crimean War are convoluted and involve the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was under occupation by the crumbling Ottoman Empire. Britain and France saw the Ottomans as the lesser of two evils compared to the Russians, and thus went to war on the side of the Turks to protect their long term imperial interests. The first year of the war saw little decisive engagement, and pressure from the homefront for decisive action led the Allies to attack the main Russian naval base on the Black Sea at Sevastopol. A landing took place about 35 miles north of the city and after about a month of constant struggle, the city was besieged by a coalition of forces from France, Britain, and Turkey in October of 1854.
This map, drawn and issued by Edwin Stanford in London, shows the situation in May of 1855, shortly before capitulation by the Russians. The Allied forces overcame a severe winter, several attempts by the Russians to relieve the besieged (including the Battle of Balaklava, which saw the famed Charge of the Light Brigade) and tremendous pressure from the political constituency to achieve this death grip on the Tsar's defenders. The blockade bottled up the powerful Black Sea fleet, while bases at Balaklava (British) and Kamiesh (French) and the newly constructed Grand Crimean Railway allowed for regular resupply of the besieging troops. Capture of the Malakhoff Tower (seen on the map just east of the city) in August of 1855 made the Russian position untenable, and their withdrawal effectively ended the conflict.
This map is one of several versions issued by Stanford during the course of the war. The use of telegraph and railways allowed for a much more rapid transfer of information, so maps could be updated with far greater regularity than in the past.
Publication Date: 1855
Author: Edwin Stanford
Sheet Width (in): 27.20
Sheet Height (in): 21.5
Condition Description: This folding map is dissected into 18 panels, mounted on linen and folds into its original cloth cover. Excellent condition, with some faint discoloration along the fold lines and marginal wear in a few panels. Two small stains in the upper right panels. A bold imprint with original hand color.